Module code: ENG3173

Module provider

Mechanical Engineering Sciences

Module Leader

XU W Dr (Mech Eng Sci)

Number of Credits


ECTS Credits



FHEQ Level 6

JACs code


Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 106

Lecture Hours: 27

Tutorial Hours: 9

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Examination EXAMINATION (2 HRS) 70

Alternative Assessment


Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Completion of the progress requirements of FHEQ Level 5

Module overview

One of the primary clinical roles of the biomedical engineer is the assessment and remediation of physical impairment. 
Prosthetics and orthotics are key technologies and clinical practises of assisting patients to restore appropriate body functions in the modern healthcare industry.
Similarly, neural implants offer ways to reconnect to functionally impaired nerves.
This module provides a comprehensive overview of the assessment of functional impairments, and understanding the role that prosthetics (both physical and neural) and orthotics play in rehabilitation.

Module aims

an understanding of the application of engineering principles for the evaluation of patients and for the development of products and systems for the remediation of disability for patients with physical and neurological impairments

an understanding the role of human movement measurement technical in the clinical rehabilitation, especially lower limb amputee.

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
1 Describe the “normal” gait cycle SM1B, SM3B CT
2 Describe the tools and approaches associated with the measurement of gait - SM1B, SM3B KPT
3 Identify symptomatic gait and describe the associated pathology SM2B, EA2 KP
4 Describe the state of the art in external prosthetics and orthotics equipment,  SM1B, SM3B KPT
5 Describe the application of engineering science in the clinical rehabilitation – EA2, EL1 KCT
6 Be able to define the limitations inherent in current approaches, C, T, EA2 CT
7 Understand the ethical considerations, regulations and standard to be applied in healthcare industry EA4B, EL1 PT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Indicative content includes:

Understanding gait and the gait cycle
Pathological gait and its identification
Anatomy underpinning the act of walking
Gait analysis tools
Introduction to prosthetics and orthotics
Brief introduction to assessment procedures 
Principles of operation of inner soles; AFOs and KAFOs. Introduction to spinal bracing. 
Limitations of current techniques and future trends such as osseo-integrated implants
Principles of operation of upper and lower artificial limbs, with particular reference to developments in prosthetic feet, knees and hips, e.g. C-leg and IP+ 
Engineering science supporting the design and development of the prosthetic limbs.
Basic surgical aspects in relation to the prosthetic limb attachment and usage.
A consideration of ethical considerations facing the clinical engineer

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

introduce human movement analysis system with worked examples. This is delivered through both lectures and a lab demonstration with links to a coursework.

Introduce prosthetic and orthotics, the clinical application of the P&P, design and development of P&P, medical and surgical aspect of P&P.

The learning and teaching methods include:

4 hours lecture per week x 9 weeks
4 hour visit (in groups) x 2 weeks
2 hours revision lectures
Gait coursework (6 hours)

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate

The coursework assessment has been designed to assess module learning outcomes in terms understanding the scientific principles and methodologies of human movement measurement and usage of the human movement system. The exam has been design for student to demonstrate their knowledge in both human movement, prosthetic and orthotic rehabilitations and ability of applying the knowledge and skills in interpreting an engineering related clinical problem and presenting a solution clearly with scientific/engineering justifications.

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

·         Clinical rehabilitation coursework  [ Learning outcomes 1, 2 ,3]     (16 hours)          {30%}

·         Examination               [ Learning outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ]     (2 hours)            {70%}


Formative assessment and feedback

Formative verbal feedback is given in tutorials
Written feedback is given on the coursework assessments 

Reading list


Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Biomedical Engineering BEng (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Biomedical Engineering MEng 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.