# BRIDGE LOADING AND ANALYSIS - 2018/9

Module code: ENGM030

Module provider

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Module Leader

MITOULIS S Dr (Civl Env Eng)

Number of Credits

15

ECTS Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 7

JACs code

H200

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 1

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 117

Lecture Hours: 33

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Coursework BRIDGE ANALYSIS ASSIGNMENT 25
Examination EXAM 2 HOURS 75

Alternative Assessment

N/A

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

It is desirable to have some understanding of the behaviour of structures under horizontal and vertical loads, and how external actions induce internal effects. It is essential that the students have a knowhow of the type of stresses (i.e. axial and shear stresses due to axial, bending, shear and torsional load), which are induced by the external loads and how to quantify them for the design of structural elements.

Module overview

Bridge deck loading and analysis is explained in this module. Emphasis is given to the following four objectives of the module, that inherently include design for longevity and sustainability of bridges:

Loading of bridge decks:

Type of actions. Primary and secondary traffic loads for highway, railway and footbridges. Wind and water actions. Temperature and shrinkage effects. Application of the actions to get the most unfavourable action effects. Combination of actions. Partial safety factors for various serviceability and ultimate limit states.

Analysis of bridge decks:

Types of bridge decks and their behaviour. Analysis for square and skew decks, isolated and integral bridges. Load distribution methods. Use of influence lines and hand based methods for analysis. Global analysis using grillage and FEM (finite element methods). Local analysis using influence surfaces and finite elements.

Practice:

Examples of load applications to current design codes and standards. Analysis of bridge decks using various hand based, and computer based methods through tutorial sessions, and formative assessments.

And Practical Contents:

Use of computer software packages to analyse bridge behaviour.

Module aims

To promote an understanding of the type and representation of actions (models), pertinent to bridge structures, and methods to quantify these for the analysis of bridges.

To promote an understanding of the methods of analysis used to determine the action effects, stress resultants and displacements, in a range of bridge superstructures.

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
001 Analyse various bridge types and responses such as slab and voided slab bridge decks, precast I-beam and box girder bridges with solid or hollow piers. KCPT
002 Analyse bridge loads and the development of their models for current design codes KCPT
003 Identify and select suitable actions and governing design combinations of different bridge types KCPT
004 Quantify, validate and appropriately apply the actions on bridges to obtain most unfavourable action effects using guidance from the current codes and standards KCPT
005 Use various hand and computer based modelling, loading and analytical methods of bridge structures such as use of Putcher charts, use of moment distribution method, development of grillage models, stick models and three dimensional representation of bridge resisting system with rigorous FEM models (T(a, d, e, f), P) PT
006 Utilise understanding of bridge response and overall behaviour to assess global performance of bridges and compute most unfavourable action effects on critical structural elements of the bridge, using both global and local modelling and analysis KPT
007 validate the models through simple checks, engineering judgement and verify the results through simple hand based calculation methods. PT
008 Synthesis of data T
009 Graphical presentation of data T
010 Use of word processor and spreadsheet T
011 Technical report writing T
012 Information retrieval skills T
013 Independent learning skills T

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Loading:

Type of actions. Vertical and lateral loads. Main and secondary traffic loads for highway, railway and footbridges. Self-weight, permanent, prestress, creep and shrinkage, settlement, temperature, variable and accidental actions. Application of the loads. Safety factors. Combination and reduction factors for the serviceability and ultimate limit states.

Analysis:

Types of bridge decks and their behaviour. Analysis for straight and skew decks, analysis of isolated and integral bridges. Load distribution methods. Use of influence lines and hand based analysis methods for analysis. Global analysis using grillage and finite element methods. Local analysis using influence surfaces and finite element analysis.

Practice:

Examples of load applications to Eurocode 1 Part 3 (1991); Analysis of Bridge decks using various hand-based, and computer based methods through tutorial sessions, and formative assessments (self and peer assessment) and summative assessments.

Practical Content:

Use of computer software packages to analyse bridge decks.
Use of hand calculations to validate FEM models
Use of Putcher charts and moment distribution method to calculate simplified bridge static systems
Use of influence lines to calculate worst credible bending moment
Use of CAD software to draw loads on longitudinal and transverse deck sections

Methods of Teaching / Learning

30 hrs teacher contact time (including 10 hours of tutorials), 40 hrs of assignment work (includes a bridge analysis assignment), 2 hrs of Final Examination, 78 hrs independent learning / self and Peer assessment questions.

Total student learning time 150 hours.

Assessment Strategy

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

·         Examination (2 hours) {75%}

·         Assignment: Loading and analysis of a real three-span bridge {25%}

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessment will be through a range of peer assessment exercises provided on SurreyLearn. These exercises will provide automatic feedback where necessary.

Students will receive written feedback on their assignments as well as verbal feedback. Both verbal and written feedback will be provided on the peer assessment task.

Reading list

Reading list for BRIDGE LOADING AND ANALYSIS :

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Structural Engineering MSc 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module
Civil Engineering MSc 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module
Advanced Geotechnical Engineering MSc 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module
Bridge Engineering MSc 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module
Infrastructure Engineering and Management MSc 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module
Civil Engineering MEng 1 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2018/9 academic year.