INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PRACTICAL SKILLS - 2018/9

Module code: BMS1032

Module Overview

To develop an understanding of physiological concepts and to develop skills required in physiological experimentation when using human subjects and human and animal tissues, aligned with Biosciences programmes.

Module provider

School of Biosciences and Medicine

Module Leader

JABR R Dr (Biosc & Med)

Number of Credits: 15

ECTS Credits: 7.5

Framework: FHEQ Level 4

JACs code: B120

Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

N/A

Module content

Indicative content includes:

Module introduction
 Homeostasis

Introduction to Cells and Membranes:

Compartments, pools and spaces (fluids and electrolytes)

Membrane transport and potentials-applied to all cell types- Excitable cell physiology

Autonomic nervous system

The neuromuscular junction and the excitation-contraction coupling  

Formative MCQ Tutorial 1   

Respiration
Intro to respiratory system (gas exchange structure of the lungs)
Lung mechanics (spirometry dead space lung compliance lung function tests)
Alveolar gas exchange (diffusion capacity) CO2 and O2 transport
Control of breathing

Formative MCQ Tutorial 2

 Cardiovascular system and Exercise Physiology

Introduction and Cardiac cycle

Control of cardiac output

Control of blood pressure and regulation of blood flow to tissues

Introduction to basic concepts in exercise physiology

Formative MCQ Tutorial 3

Haematology

Composition and functions of blood Haemostasis and haematopoiesis 

Renal Physiology and Electrolystes

Functional anatomy of the urinary tract (renal blood Flow and Glomerular filtration)
Proximal tubule
Plasma osmolality and its regulation
Control of effective circulatory volume- the renin angiotensin aldosterone system

Acid base balance

Formative MCQ Tutorial 4

Practicals:
Practical 1: Lung function tests

Practical 2: Measurements of blood pressure, heart rate and electrocardiogram (ECG)

Practical 3: Haematology and blood groups

 

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 1 13
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 2 13
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 3 14
Examination EXAMINATION - MCQ - 60 QUESTIONS - 60 MINUTES 60

Alternative Assessment

Coursework: Design an experiment to demonstrate a given physiological process and discuss the potential results and issues (<500 words). Qualifying Condition(s) A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


An understanding of practical techniques and appreciation of practical investigation in physiology
an understanding of physiological principles: in particular with reference to the systems indicated in the module content


The summative assessment for this module consists of:


Three practical reports (13,13 and 14% each, submission deadline: first Tuesday (4pm) after the experiment)= 40%
60 MCQs (final exam, 60% in total)


Formative assessment and feedback


Answers to sample MCQs are assessed formatively in tutorials and verbal feedbacks given
Coursework (3 practical reports) are marked within 3 weeks of submission and returned to students with detailed comments for feedback.

Module aims

  • Develop an integrated view of the functions of different organs and more complex systems in the body
  • Develop an understanding of homeostasis, whereby physiological systems are regulated to maintain a relatively constant internal environment.
  • Emphasise the physical and chemical principles which underlie mechanisms in physiological systems
  • Develop knowledge about: principles of cell physiology; the function of skeletal muscle including neuromuscular junction; the role of the autonomic nervous system in the control of different organs; the function of the respiratory system; the role of the heart and blood vessels (the cardiovascular system) to supply adequate blood flow to tissues; basic concepts of exercise physiology; the different roles of blood including haemostasis; the functions of the kidneys in regulating the internal environment.
  • Develop practical and analytical skills to strengthen understanding of physiological concepts through experimentation

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
001 Understand the principles, techniques and skills of using human subjects to measure physiological variables. CPT
002 Present, interpret and discuss experimental data using a quantitative approach; develop analytical skills and apply theoretical knowledge to complete laboratory reports. CPT
003 Describe the concept of homeostasis and its importance. KC
004 Understand body fluid compartments and their differences. KC
005 Demonstrate a general understanding of cell physiology and musculo-skeletal physiology, including the origin of membrane and action potentials; chemical communication between nerves (synapses) and muscles (the neuromuscular junction) KC
006 Describe the role of the autonomic nervous system. KC
007 Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system; demonstrate an understanding of the principles of gaseous exchange; demonstrate an understanding of how respiratory system function is controlled under different conditions KC
008 Demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of the heart, and how and why the rate of blood flow and blood pressure are controlled KC
009 Describe basic concepts in exercise physiology KC
011 Describe the functional anatomy of the kidney & upper urinary tract and understand the function of the nephron KC
012 Show an understanding of the regulatory mechanisms underlying regulation of body water, electrolytes and pH KCT
010 Describe the fluid and cellular components of blood; the different physiological functions of blood flow to the tissues; the basic principles of blood groups; how O2 and CO2 are carried by blood; principles of haemostasis (prevention of blood loss) and how blood cells develop (haematopoesis) KC

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 115

Lecture Hours: 18

Tutorial Hours: 4

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to include lectures, tutorials and practical work in groups in order to develop subject specific knowledge and practical skills and provide formative feedback, discussion and summative examinations

The learning and teaching methods include:



30 Lectures


3 practicals, 7.5 hours in total



5 tutorials: 4 tutorials for formative assessments and class discussions and one end of the module revision tutorial

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

Reading list

Reading list for INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PRACTICAL SKILLS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/bms1032

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Biomedical Science BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Nutrition and Dietetics BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Sport and Exercise Science BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Food Science and Nutrition BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Biochemistry BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Biological Sciences BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Veterinary Biosciences BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Nutrition BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Medicinal Chemistry BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Microbiology BSc (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Medicinal Chemistry MChem 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2018/9 academic year.