Module code: ENG3170

Module provider

Mechanical Engineering Sciences

Module Leader

SORNIOTTI A Prof (Mech Eng Sci)

Number of Credits


ECTS Credits



FHEQ Level 6

JACs code


Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 106

Lecture Hours: 29

Tutorial Hours: 15

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Examination EXAMINATION - 2 HOURS 60
Coursework COURSEWORK 40

Alternative Assessment

Coursework in the form of a project report.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

ENG2095 Mechanics of Vehicles and Machines

Module overview

This module provides an introduction to vehicle dynamics and vehicle systems design, with particular reference to braking systems and suspension systems

Module aims

A systematic understanding and critical awareness of the importance of individual components and systems of modern road vehicles

A knowledge of the design methods of vehicle cornering response

An understanding of the energy efficiency characteristics and constraints of modern hybrid electric and fully electric power train solutions

A knowledge of basic calculation techniques relating to vehicle dynamics

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
1 Describe and analyse fundamental characteristics of tyres and their relation to vehicle dynamics (SM1b/m, SM2b/m, P2) KT
2 Analyse, evaluate and optimise vehicle suspension design (SM2b/m, EA2, P2/m) KP
3 Simulate and evaluate vehicle longitudinal and lateral dynamics (SM2b/m, SM3b/m, EA2) KCP
4 Understand, describe and quantify the benefits of brake energy regeneration (EA3b/m, D1) KC
5 Select the size of the main components of a braking system in order to meet the regulations and customers' expectations (EA2, P6, EL5) CP
6 Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of commercial, economic and social context of different powertrain layouts (EL2, EL4, D1) KP

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Indicative content includes:

Tyre dynamics

Concepts of tyre slip and longitudinal and lateral forces
Tyre friction ellipse
Tyre relaxation length
Tyre rolling resistance
Magic formula tyre model

Vehicle dynamics

Concepts of stability in braking and ideal brake distribution
Vehicle cornering response
Effect of the suspension system design on the cornering stiffness distribution and vehicle understeer/oversteer

Vehicle systems design

Selection of braking systems components in order to meet regulations

Modern powertrains

Hybrid electric vehicle layouts
Fully electric vehicle layouts
Brake regeneration

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

Introduce the design and analysis principles of vehicles through theory with worked examples. This is delivered principally through lectures and tutorial classes, and includes an independently conducted coursework involving a case study of vehicle design.

The learning and teaching methods include:

3 hours lecture per week x 7 weeks + 2 hours per week x 4 weeks
1 hour tutorial x 7 weeks + 2 hours tutorial x 4 weeks
Vehicle systems design coursework (40 hours)

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate understanding of scientific principles, methodologies and mathematical methods as well as the ability to describe particular systems and processes in the final examination. The vehicle systems design-related coursework tests analytical and simulation skills and report writing as well as their ability to comment critically on design solutions found in industry.

 Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

Vehicles coursework    [ Learning outcomes 1, 3, 4, 5 ]         (40 hours)        {40%}
Examination                  [ Learning outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ]   (2 hours)          {60%}

  Formative assessment and feedback

·         Formative verbal feedback is given in tutorials

·         Written feedback is given on the coursework assessments

Reading list


Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Automotive Engineering BEng (Hons) 2 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Automotive Engineering MEng 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Mechanical Engineering BEng (Hons) 2 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Mechanical Engineering MEng 2 Optional A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2019/0 academic year.