Module code: VMS2007

Module Overview

This module introduces the student to the pathology of the endocrine and neurological systems and organs of special sense, including the infectious disease agents that affect these systems. These diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples.

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

SETYO Laura (Vet Med)

Number of Credits: 15

ECTS Credits: 7.5

Framework: FHEQ Level 5

Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

Overall student workload

Independent Learning Hours: 108

Lecture Hours: 33

Practical/Performance Hours: 9

Module Availability

Semester 2

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units

Module content

Pathology of the organs of special sense – infectious, inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxic, congenital disorders, degenerative, trauma, neoplasia


Responses to injury of the eye and lids – trauma, inflammation and repair

Diseases of the globe as a whole – including glaucoma

Corneal and uveal diseases

Bacterial and parasitic pathogens affecting the eye: Moraxella, Pseudomonas, Onchocerca

Inflammation and infectious agents of the external, middle and inner ear.

Ear neoplasia

Pathology of the endocrine system – inflammatory, toxin-related, congenital, degenerative


Disorders of functional endocrine hypo- or hyperactivity – abnormal pituitary, thyroid parathyroid, adrenal and endocrine pancreas function. Abnormal lipid metabolism.

Pathology of the endocrine organs – neoplasia

Pathology of the endocrine pancreas – loss of function diabetes mellitus

Diabetes as a global phenomenon – cats, dogs, fat ponies, obesity in man. Comparative pathology

Neuropathology  – congenital disorders, degenerative conditions, disorders of mobility, neoplasia

Terminology of neuropathology and central and peripheral nervous system response to injury

Inflammatory conditions of the central and peripheral nervous system

Traumatic and compressive injuries to the central and peripheral nervous system

Neurotoxic substances


Bacterial pathogens affecting the CNS/PNS: Listeria, Clostridium


Bacterial encephalitis and meningitis

Parasitic infections affecting the CNS: Protozoa, Arthropods, Cestodes

Viral pathogens affecting the CNS/PNS: Alphaviruses (Equine encephalitidae), Rabies (Rhabdoviridae), Bornavirus and Flaviviridae (West Nile virus, TBE and Japanese encephalitis), Herpesviridea (Pseudorabies, HSV and others)

Prions and Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (BSE, scrapie CWD and others)

Nutritional pathology – the pathobiochemistry of dietary imbalances - biochemical & nutritional basis of disease; the use of biochemical tests for screening, diagnosis and management



Gross pathology of the organs of special sense – eye and ear


Histopathological examination of the endocrine system and organs of special sense


Otoscopy/ophthalmoscopy examination/demonstration

Neuropathology – gross pathology and histopathology

Neuropathology – images, CTs, myelogram

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 40

Alternative Assessment


Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate

  • Practical skills in examining, recognising, describing and interpreting gross and microscopic specimens

  • Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology

  • Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning  in the practical sessions .

  • Content knowledge of general pathology, infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

Steeplechase - 40%
Written examination – 60%

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Practical report 

Module aims

  • Introduces the terminology of systemic organ of special sense and endocrine system pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious and infectious lesions.
  • Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report of findings using the appropriate terminology and methods to record findings 

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
1 Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non-infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the organs of special sense and endocrine system RCVS KU 1, RCVS KU 5 KPT
2 Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the organs of special sense and endocrine system by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation, and repair. - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
3 Examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the organs of special sense and endocrine system and be able to describe the lesions and interpret them using appropriate terminology and tools for collecting data - RCVS 35 KPT
4 Appreciate the commonality of the infectious and non-infectious disease processes across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KCPT
5 Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the organs of special sense and endocrine system – RCVS 21, RCVS 22, KU 5 KCPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

  • Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine

  • Allow students to develop skills in examining specimens, describing and interpreting them.

  • Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology

The learning and teaching methods include:

  • Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens, images

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

Reading list
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: VMS2007

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2020/1 academic year.