STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION 5: UROLOGICAL AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS - 2021/2
Module code: VMS1007
In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, and in a departure from previous academic years and previously published information, the University has had to change the delivery (and in some cases the content) of its programmes, together with certain University services and facilities for the academic year 2020/21.
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The urological system plays a key role in excretion and homeostasis. This module aims to introduce the structure and function of the urological and reproductive systems and how they vary across the veterinary species. This module will combine lecture-based learning and practical sessions. Students will understand how a healthy reproductive system allows an animal to express normal behaviour.
School of Veterinary Medicine
SMYRNIAS Ioannis (Vet Med)
Number of Credits: 15
ECTS Credits: 7.5
Framework: FHEQ Level 4
JACs code: D100
Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A
Prerequisites / Co-requisites
Introduction to the organs of the urological systems – species comparison
Dissection of the urological system: Kidney, Urinary Bladder, ureters, urethra. To include species comparisons.
Ultrasound and radiographic images of the urinary tract
Innervation and vascularisation of the urinary system including the nephron
Anatomy of urological system birds, fish and reptiles
Dissection of poultry in juvenile, layer, rooster and a reptilian representative species
Introduction to the organs of the male reproductive systems – species comparison
Male reproductive system: dissection of testicle, penis, vas deferens, accessary sexual glands, comparison between species
Introduction to the organs of the female reproductive systems – species comparison
Female reproductive system
Vaginal tract, uterus, tubes, ovary and development of follicles- comparison between species
Microanatomy of the urinogenital tract
Practical examining histology of the urogenital tract
Physiology and Endocrinology
Regulation of excretory function
Urinalysis (specific gravity, microscopy, dipsticks)
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the functions that affect it.
Filtration – components & functions.
Regulation of H2O and Na/K balance.
The role of NaCl in extracellular fluid volume regulation.
NaCl and H2O reabsorption in the proximal tubule, the loop of Henle and the distal convoluted tubule.
Introduction to the influence of drugs on the kidney and its ability to conserve water and electrolytes.
How growth, pregnancy, lactation andrenal failure influence the regulation of Ca/Mg/PO4
The process of micturition: Detrusor and micturition reflexes, neurological control
Overview of gametogenesis and regulation of gonadal cycles
Comparative physiology of the female reproductive tract: oestrus cycle, ovulation, corpus luteum, folliculogenesis
Assessment of adult animals (different species) for breeding suitability – body condition scoring, palpation of male reproductive organs
Comparative physiology of the male reproductive tract: libido, erection and ejaculation
Rectal examination cattle- haptic cow, cadaver material of different ovaries and follicles
Rectal examination horse, haptic horse – organ examination, fertility and pregnancy
Copulation and fertilisation
Physiology of pregnancy
Vaginal examination, insertion of a speculum
Parturition and looking at ultrasound images of the reproductive tract
Ultrasonic examination for fertility – different species
Fertility and pregnancy
Reproduction in birds, fish and reptiles
Embryo development and placentation
Oestrus cycle synchronisation, superovulation, Artificial insemination
Development of the female reproductive system
Development of the male reproductive system
Biosynthesis of sexual hormones
Introduction to clinical examination reproductive system
Behaviour of animals in season, breeding age (male), pregnancy
Population medicine: Production of food animals
Nutrition of breeding animals for different physiological states
Self-directed study on lambing procedures and techniques
|Assessment type||Unit of assessment||Weighting|
|Practical based assessment||STEEPLECHASE||40|
The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate understanding of the laboratory components, content knowledge and integration of the various components of practical materials.
Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:
Content knowledge examination – 60%
Integration of the various practical components via Steeplechase – 40%
Formative assessment and feedback
Verbal feedback in practical sessions
Verbal feedback during clinical examination practicals
There will be a formative practical report
- To describe development of the reproductive and urological systems.
- Provide an understanding of the comparative gross anatomical and histological structure of the urological and reproductive systems.
- To provide an overview of the way in which the urinary system participates in homeostasis and excretion.
- To understand the importance of reproduction in animal production systems.
- To understand the importance of reproduction in normal animal behavior and social interaction with other animals and human beings.
|1||Describe the development, micro- and gross anatomy of the urological and reproductive systems in mammals and birds, reptiles RCVS B1.1, B1.4||KPT|
|2||Describe species variations in the gross anatomy and histology of the urinogenital systems (RCVS B1.1, B1.4, C1.3)|
|3||Describe the role of the urological system in excretion and homeostasis and perform urinalysis RCVS B1.1, B1.4, C1. 6||KPT|
|4||Understand the process of micturition and perform urinalysis RCVS B1. 1, B1. 4, C1. 6||KPT|
|5||Interpret radiographic and ultrasonographic images of the urinogenital system and associated structures RCVS C1.7||KPT|
|6||To demonstrate an understanding of the healthy, normal structure, function and the role of nutrition in the regulation of the reproductive system of the various veterinary species. RCVS B1.1, B1.4, C1.3, C1.7||KPT|
C - Cognitive/analytical
K - Subject knowledge
T - Transferable skills
P - Professional/Practical skills
Overall student workload
Workshop Hours: 1
Independent Study Hours: 106
Lecture Hours: 27
Practical/Performance Hours: 16
Methods of Teaching / Learning
The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:
Enhance the students technical skills using dissection practicals
Enhance the students technical skills by microscopy practicals
Initiate the students physical examination skills by introducing Clinical Examination practicals
The learning and teaching methods include:
Lectures, flipped classroom, small group discussions,
Practicals involving dissection, microscopy, review of radiographic and ultrasound images, nutrition practical, clinical examination of various species
27 hours lectures, 17 practical hours
2-3 lectures per week and 2-3 hours practical per week
The learning and teaching methods include:
· Lectures 27 hours
· Practical session both lab, workshop and clinical 17 hours
Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: VMS1007
Programmes this module appears in
|Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2021/2 academic year.