Module code: ENG2095

Module Overview

This module provides an introduction to the mechanics of vehicles and machines with special emphasis on automotive components. The module will serve as a primer for more advanced (FHEQ Level 5 and 6) courses and involvement in the Formula Student Project.

Module provider

Mechanical Engineering Sciences

Module Leader

GRUBER Patrick (Mech Eng Sci)

Number of Credits: 15

ECTS Credits: 7.5

Framework: FHEQ Level 5

Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

Overall student workload

Independent Learning Hours: 104

Lecture Hours: 11

Tutorial Hours: 11

Captured Content: 24

Module Availability

Semester 1

Prerequisites / Co-requisites


Module content

Indicative content includes:


  • Internal combustion engines and their performance and efficiency characteristics.

  • Design of transmissions, differentials and drive train joints

  • Powertrain configurations including FWD, RWD and AWD


  • Chassis performance parameters

  • Concept of weight transfer with focus on vehicle dynamics performance

  • Brake system design and modern chassis control systems such as ABS, Electronic stability control.

Vehicle Dynamics

  • Tyre characteristics

  • Configuration of suspension, steering and damping systems

  • Concepts of vehicle understeer and oversteer

  • Development of bicycle model for evaluation of dynamic vehicle response

Kinematics of machines

  • Kinematic analysis techniques of planar linkages and mechanisms

  • Slider-crank mechanism

  • Four-bar linkage mechanism

Kinetics of machines

  • Force and acceleration of linkages and mechanisms

  • Method of work and energy

Balancing of machines

  • Balancing of rotating masses

  • Static and dynamic balance

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Coursework Coursework 15
Examination Examination (2 hrs duration) 85

Alternative Assessment


Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate understanding of scientific principles, methodologies and mathematics methods as well as the ability to describe particular systems and processes in the final examination. The coursework allows students to demonstrate that they can solve kinematics/kinetics problems, and independently research and comment critically on design solutions found in industry.

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

  • Coursework       [Learning outcomes 1, 2, 5]

  • Examination      [Learning outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative verbal feedback is given via weekly supported tutorial work. Written feedback is given on the coursework submissions.

Module aims

  • a systematic understanding and critical awareness of the importance of individual components and systems of modern road vehicles
  • a knowledge of the design of modern chassis, suspension and powertrain components
  • an understanding of the energy efficiency characteristics and constraints of modern powertrain solutions
  • a knowledge of basic calculation techniques relating to vehicle dynamics
  • a comprehensive knowledge of the methods of investigating the motion of machines with and without reference to forces and masses
  • an understanding of balancing of rotating masses

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
001 Identify the fundamental components of current automobile design and explain their functions/engineering principles. KT C1
002 Describe performance and energy efficiency characteristics of modern powertrain solutions. KT C7
003 Apply fundamental dynamic principles to evaluate the level of oversteer/understeer of a vehicle. KC C3
004 Assess the influence of vehicle, tyre and suspension parameters on the overall vehicle performance. C C3
005 Analyse the kinematics and kinetics of linkages and mechanisms. K C3
006 Calculate and analyse the forces and moments in machine elements. K C1, C2

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

Introduce the design and analysis principles of mechanisms and vehicles through theory with worked examples. This is delivered principally through lectures, captured content and tutorial classes, and includes an independently conducted coursework involving a study of fundamental kinematics/kinetics problems and a review of advances in vehicle design.

The learning and teaching methods include:

  • Lectures and captured content

  • Tutorials (in groups)

  • Coursework

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

Reading list
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: ENG2095

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Mechanical Engineering MEng 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Automotive Engineering MEng 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Automotive Engineering (Dual degree with HIT) BEng (Hons) 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Mechanical Engineering BEng (Hons) 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Automotive Engineering BEng (Hons) 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2022/3 academic year.