SOLID STATE PHYSICS - 2023/4
Module code: PHY2068
This module will review crystal structures, will develop the concepts of heat transport and heat capacity in crystalline solids and introduce the concept of quantisation of lattice vibrations (phonons). The module will introduce the free electron theory of metals and introduce band theory. The concept of semiconductors will be discussed and the physics of modern photonic devices such as semiconductor lasers, photo-sensors and nuclear radiation detectors will be introduced.
Mathematics & Physics
SELLIN Paul (Maths & Phys)
Number of Credits: 15
ECTS Credits: 7.5
Framework: FHEQ Level 5
JACs code: F321
Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A
Overall student workload
Independent Learning Hours: 71
Lecture Hours: 22
Tutorial Hours: 11
Laboratory Hours: 24
Guided Learning: 22
Prerequisites / Co-requisites
Indicative content includes:
- The lecture course will cover the following topics:
- Crystal structure: Revision of crystal structures, the reciprocal lattice and a review of X-ray diffraction technique.
- Lattice dynamics: Lattice vibration, concept of phonons and phonon modes, density of states, derivation of Dulong-Petit, Einstein and Debye models of heat capacity, electronic heat capacity and electrical conductivity.
- Band theory: Free electron model, energy-momentum dispersion relationship, concept of Brillouin zones, band structure and band gaps, distinction between metals, insulators and semiconductors.
- Semiconductor device physics: Doping of semiconductors, pn junction diodes, basic introduction to emission and absorption in semiconductors photonic and sensor devices (light emitting diodes, semiconductor lasers, photodetectors and nuclear radiation detectors).
- The laboratory experiments will include: X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence spectroscopy, absorption in semiconductors,characterisation of semiconductor lasers and LEDs.
|Assessment type||Unit of assessment||Weighting|
|Practical based assessment||LABORATORY DIARY & REPORT/PRESENTATION||30|
|Online Scheduled Summative Class Test||FORTNIGHTLY ONLINE TOPIC QUIZ ON SURREYLEARN||10|
|Examination||End of Semester Examination - 2 hours||60|
Examination submitted during the Late Summer Assessment period. For the laboratory coursework the written reports may be assessed by a condensed programme of laboratory work, with written report.
The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate
recall of subject knowledge
ability to apply subject knowledge to unseen problems
practical laboratory skills
scientific communication skills
Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:
An end of semester examination of 2 h duration with 2 questions from 3 to be attempted
Fortnightly online topic quiz for which all questions should be attempted.
The laboratory coursework is assessed through a combination of interviews, written reports and a poster presentation.
The Laboratory unit of assessment has a qualifying mark of 40%.
Problem sets are provided during the weekly 1 hour tutorial on solid state physics, together with model answers to these questions, which allow the students to test their understanding of course material. Formative assessment during the laboratory classes is provided by feedback from laboratory demonstrators and academic staff.
Verbal feedback is provided during the weekly 1 hour tutorial throughout the semester. Model solutions are provided for the questions on the problem sets to provide students with feedback on their problem-solving ability. Feedback during the laboratory classes is provided by demonstrators and staff giving verbal feedback and support during the class.
- develop key concepts in solid-state physics including crystal structure and dynamics, concept of densities of states, lattice and electronic heat capacity and the band theory of solids. The difference between metals, insulators and semiconductors will be discussed and the module will show how semiconductors play a pivotal role in modern electronic and photonic devices.
- Laboratory classes will be used to reinforce concepts developed in the lectures and will be used to further develop and enhance laboratory skills, particularly in the area of analysis and spectroscopy.
|1||Understand different types of crystal structure||C|
|2||Describe modes of vibration in a crystal lattice and how this may be used to determine the heat capacity.||K|
|3||Solve problems in the band theory of solids||C|
|4||Differentiate between metals, insulators and conductors.||KC|
|5||Demonstrate an understanding of the role of semiconductors and evaluate why they have become ubiquitous in modern electronic and photonic devices||KC|
C - Cognitive/analytical
K - Subject knowledge
T - Transferable skills
P - Professional/Practical skills
Methods of Teaching / Learning
The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:
• equip students with subject knowledge
• develop skills in applying subject knowledge to physical situations
• enable students to tackle unseen problems in solid state physics
• advance students' practical skills
The learning and teaching methods include:
• 22h of lectures and 11h of tutorials over 11 weeks
• 1-week experiments throughout semester (24 hours laboratory work)
Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: PHY2068
Programmes this module appears in
|Physics with Astronomy BSc (Hons)||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Quantum Technologies BSc (Hons)||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Nuclear Astrophysics MPhys||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Astronomy MPhys||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Quantum Technologies MPhys||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics MPhys||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics BSc (Hons)||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Nuclear Astrophysics BSc (Hons)||1||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2023/4 academic year.