Module code: VMS2006

Module Overview

This module introduces the student to the pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems, including the infectious disease agents that affect them. The changes to the urinary and reproductive systems seen with disease or invasion by viruses, microbes, parasites and fungal agents will be introduced. These diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples introducing clinical pathology results from the various veterinary species.

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

ASFOR Amin (Vet Med)

Number of Credits: 15

ECTS Credits: 7.5

Framework: FHEQ Level 5

Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

Overall student workload

Independent Learning Hours: 116

Lecture Hours: 23

Practical/Performance Hours: 8

Guided Learning: 3

Module Availability

Semester 2

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units

Module content

Pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems – infectious, inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxics, congenital disorders, degenerative conditions

Pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems – neoplasia

Congenital abnormalities of the urinary and reproductive systems

Pathology and pathogenesis of infectious pathogens causing urinary and reproductive systems diseases

Venereal transmission of infectious pathogens

Pathogenesis of infectious diseases causing Infertility, sterility and/or abortion

Important bacterial pathogens – reproductive system: Salmonella, Taylorella, Brucella, Chlamydia and Chlamydophila

Important parasites affecting the reproductive system: Protozoa: Tritrichomonas, Toxoplasma and Neospora

Pathogenesis of viral examples affecting reproductive system: Parvoviridae, Herpesviridae, Arteriviridae (PRRS)


Sexual transmission of retro-viruses: HIV and animal examples

Transplacental transmission: Pestiviruses

New emerging diseases: Schmallenberg virus

Pathology of Disorders of Sexual development – female and male


Pathology of infectious and non-infectious diseases of female and male reproductive organs

Pathology of the Failure of Pregnancy

Neoplastic diseases of the reproductive tract - female

Pathology of male reduced fertility and sterility

Neoplastic diseases of the reproductive tract - male

Pathology of infectious diseases and neoplasia of mammary glands

Toxins effecting the reproductive tract (Ergotism etc)

Commonly encountered bacterial urinary tract infections (E. coli, Clostridum perfringens Leptospira etc.)

Infectious diseases with renal toxicity – parasites of the urinary tract

Common gross and histopathological findings in the kidney

Pathology of renal failure – uraemia, nephrotic syndrome

Renal responses to injury

Developmental abnormalities of the kidney and lower urinary tract

Immune-mediated glomerulonephritis

Renal toxins and pathological effects – ethylene glycol, NSAIDs, cyclophosphamide

Urolithiasis and nutrition

Neoplasia of the urinary tract

Nutritional pathology – the pathobiochemistry of dietary imbalances - biochemical & nutritional basis of disease; the use of biochemical tests for screening, diagnosis and management


Gross pathology and histopathology of the urinary tract – male and female – 4 hours

Gross pathology and histopathology of the reproductive tract – male, female – 4 hours

PBL cases – 6 hours

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Oral exam or presentation FACE-TO-FACE ORAL GROUP PRESENTATION (15 MINUTES) 10

Alternative Assessment

PBL alternative assessment is an individual oral presentation examination

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate

  • Practical skills in examining, recognising, describing and interpreting gross and microscopic specimens

  • Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology

  • Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and the PBL cases.

  • Content knowledge of general pathology and infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

PBL group presentation– 10%

Written examination - 90%

Formative assessment and feedback

Instructor and peer assessments 0%

Formative practical report 0%


Module aims

  • Introduces the terminology of systemic urinary and reproductive pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious and infectious lesions
  • Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report of findings using the appropriate terminology and methods to record findings 

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
001 Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non-infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the urinary and reproductive systems - RCVS K 5, C 45 KC
002 Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the urinary and reproductive systems by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation and repair. - RCVS-C 45, K 5 KC
003 Examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the urinary and reproductive systems and be able to describe the lesions using appropriate terminology and tools for collecting data - RCVS - C 33, P17, P 20 CP
004 Appreciate the commonality of the infectious and non-infectious disease processes across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS - K 5 , T 18 KT
005 Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the urinary and reproductive systems. ¿ RCVs - P 3, P 21, C 24, C 32, C 45, K 1 KCP

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

  • Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine

  • Allow students to develop skills in examining specimens, describing and interpreting them.

  • Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology

The learning and teaching methods include:

Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens, images.

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

Reading list
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: VMS2006

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2023/4 academic year.