VEHICLE STRUCTURES AND ANALYSIS - 2024/5
Module code: ENGM267
As automotive engineers, understanding the design and analysis of road vehicle structures is crucial for ensuring safety, efficiency, and sustainability. By studying different aspects of these structures, we gain insights into the materials, geometries, and forces that affect their performance. This knowledge empowers us to develop lighter, stronger, and more fuel/energy-efficient vehicles, while also improving their crashworthiness and environmental impact.
Starting from the analysis of space required for the major vehicle components, different vehicle packaging concepts are introduced. Lightweight chassis structures are described and demonstrated with several examples of current vehicles, including aluminium space frame structures and composite monocoque chassis. The influence of the choice of material in terms of chassis stiffness and the design and manufacturing process is discussed. The concept of product life cycle in automotive engineering is introduced and the importance of sustainability in vehicle manufacturing is discussed. The Simple Structural Surface (SSS) method is described and applied to basic vehicle bodies to analyse structural load paths. Noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) requirements of lightweight hybrid and electric vehicles are introduced together with relevant analysis methods. Passive safety aspects in terms of crashworthiness and impact resistance are described.
Mechanical Engineering Sciences
TAVERNINI Davide (Mech Eng Sci)
Number of Credits: 15
ECTS Credits: 7.5
Framework: FHEQ Level 7
Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A
Overall student workload
Independent Learning Hours: 71
Lecture Hours: 27
Seminar Hours: 6
Tutorial Hours: 9
Laboratory Hours: 2
Guided Learning: 8
Captured Content: 27
Prerequisites / Co-requisites
Indicative content includes:
- Vehicle packaging requirements, constraints and concepts
- Lightweight vehicle structures types overview
- Stiffness of structures
- Life cycle assessment
Vehicle structure analysis
- Simple structural surface method
- Fundamental theories of acoustics in automotive applications
- NVH (noise, vibration and harshness) aspects with particular focus on hybrid and electric vehicles
- Crashworthiness, impact resistance and safety implications
|Unit of assessment
The assessment strategy will enable students to demonstrate they can:
Thus the summative assessment:
- Undertake a research activity, using different resources, to inform the selection of suitable vehicle structures including considerations of several aspects presented in the module, and present the results in a concise report.
This is realised by the summative assessment unit: Coursework 1, formal report, learning outcomes: 1, 4, 7, 8.
- Analyse a use-case assigned vehicle structure using methodologies and calculations learned in the module, applying engineering judgment to assess the outcomes of the analysis.
This is realised by the summative assessment unit: Coursework 2, formal report, learning outcomes: 2, 3, 5, 6.
The formative assessment consists in active discussions during the lectures, either triggered by the module conveyer or directly by the students. Moreover tutorials solutions are shown and discussed in the tutorial sessions and provided afterwards.
Feedback is provided during all the tutorial sessions, while the students solve the exercises independently and the module conveyer is at hand to clarify doubts and reiterate methodologies.
- To provide an introduction to chassis design requirements and constraints in terms of packaging and structural behaviour, including crashworthiness and NVH aspects.
- To equip the students with effective techniques used for the design of lightweight vehicle structures.
- To examine the current test standards for crashworthiness of road vehicles and vehicle noise.
- To introduce product life cycle and its assessment adopted in the automotive industry.
|Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the requirements and constraints related to lightweight vehicle structures, including load cases and packaging
|M4, M5, M6
|Apply mathematical and scientific approaches to analyse simple vehicle structures and appreciate the assumptions and limitations inherent in their application
|M1, M2, M3, M5, M6
|Understand fundamental theories of NVH for hybrid and electric vehicles
|M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6
|Demonstrate understanding of sustainability principles in the design and manufacture of vehicles
|M4, M6, M7, M8,
|Be able to apply fundamental principles on vehicle packaging, vehicle structures and NVH to solve practical problems.
|M1, M2, M3, M5, M6, M13
|Be able to describe the procedures for vehicle exhaust and drive-by noise tests according to the ISO standards.
|Be able to describe crash tests that are required to be conducted on new vehicles.
|Demonstrate understanding of product life cycle assessment in automotive engineering
C - Cognitive/analytical
K - Subject knowledge
T - Transferable skills
P - Professional/Practical skills
Methods of Teaching / Learning
The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:
- Give students the necessary background on available vehicle structures
- Get students acquaint with methodologies for selecting, designing and analysing vehicles structures from a structural, material selection, NVH, crashworthiness and sustainability view point
- Allow students to practise the methodologies for vehicles structure analysis learned in the module via dedicated practical sessions
- Get students equipped with basic understanding of software to tackle some of the presented analysis methods
- Expose students to professional practice on the topic of vehicle structures via an active discussion with guest Industry and Academic experts
The learning and teaching methods include:
- Lectures (in-person): where the content that is assessed is presented
- Seminars (in-person): these consist of guest lectures from Industry/Academia experts on specific topics linked with the module, but not directly assessed
- Tutorials (in-person): where students are first given the space to experiment with the calculations/methodologies learned in the module and where, afterwards, the solutions are presented and discussed by the lecturers
- Computer laboratory (in-person): where the students are thought how to apply some of the course methodologies to a use-case example by using engineering software widespread in Industry
- Captured content: recordings for the in-person lectures
- Guided learning: based on reading of scientific literature related to the module content, suggested by the lecturer to the students
Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: ENGM267
The School of Mechanical Engineering Sciences is committed to developing graduates with strengths in Employability, Digital Capabilities, Global and Cultural Capabilities, Sustainability, and Resourcefulness and Resilience.
This module is designed to allow students to develop knowledge, skills, and capabilities in the following areas:
- Employability: students will be supported to develop their skills in applying relevant methodologies via the use of software that are widespread in the Industry. The module touches several aspects of the vehicle structure topic to allow students to gain a broad understanding of the problem, which will allow them to competently liaise with their future engineers colleagues on different levels. The guest seminars with the Industry professionals provide valuable insights on what aspects of their professional development the students should focus on, to access the roles in the companies in which they will be able to apply the knowledge gained in this module.
- Sustainability: this pillar is very relevant to this module as product life cycle management and sustainability of materials, manufacturing techniques are both directly discussed in the lectures and guest seminars from Industry/Academia, and also in-depth independently researched by the students for one of the module submissions. This expose students to best practice in Industry as well as innovative/proof-of-concept solutions from scientific literature.
Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2024/5 academic year.