Module code: ENG2102

Module Overview

Structural design is required in many civil engineering applications, whether it is a design of a building or a bridge or another type of structure. This module, which follows on from ENG1076 Structural Design 1, continues to build on the steel design knowledge developed previously to build a deeper understanding for more advanced applications, and introduces the design of reinforced concrete structural elements. Structural analysis is an essential part of the design process and links with the, simultaneously running, ENG2103 – Structural Analysis 1 module is emphasised. 

The Eurocode approach to structural design is followed, but a fundamental understanding of the behaviour of structural elements, rather than simply the application of codified design rules, is the main focus.  Experience will be gained solving design problems which consider client needs as well as evaluating the impact of design on sustainability, constructability, and commercial factors. Following this module students will be capable of contributing to the design of real structures, for example during a professional training year or summer placement.

Module provider

Sustainability, Civil & Env Engineering

Module Leader

WALKER Martin (Sust & CEE)

Number of Credits: 15

ECTS Credits: 7.5

Framework: FHEQ Level 5

Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

Overall student workload

Independent Learning Hours: 91

Lecture Hours: 22

Tutorial Hours: 11

Laboratory Hours: 2

Guided Learning: 24

Module Availability

Semester 2

Prerequisites / Co-requisites


Module content

The module covers design of both reinforced concrete and structural steel design.

In reinforced concrete design, the following topics are covered:

  • Bending and shear in beams and simple slabs - types of failure, analysis and design

  • Columns – Non-slender column design using charts.

  • Reinforcement provision - types and sizes, maximum and minimum areas, cover, bar spacing.

In structural design design, the following topics are covered:

  • Columns in multi-storey buildings

  • Beams – unrestrained beams (lateral-torsional buckling)

  • Elements under combined axial load and bending 

  • Bolted and welded connections – basic behaviour of bolts and welds, analysis and design of simple steel connections

Sustainability issues in structural design are discussed throughout.

These topics cover the primary design checks performed by engineers in the design of buildings, bridges, and other civil structures. This module will improve your employability by preparing you to contribute to the design of real structures in a structural consultancy environment. 

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Project (Group/Individual/Dissertation) LABORATORY REPORT (STEEL) 5
Project (Group/Individual/Dissertation) LABORATORY REPORT (CONCRETE) 5
Examination EXAMINATION (2 hours) 45

Alternative Assessment

The alternative assessment for the laboratory reports is a report based on given observation data.

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of structural element failure modes and design.

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

  • A coursework project covering the assessment of loads and the design of elements. This project also provides an opportunity to present structural design calculations to a professional standard and is ideal preparation for work in a structural consulting environment. 

  • Reports on two laboratory sessions. 

  • One end-of-semester exam

Formative assessment is a regular ongoing process throughout the semester within work on tutorial questions and lecture examples. Immediate formative feedback is provided during the tutorials, as well as during lecturer office hours. 

Module aims

  • Develop an understanding of the behaviour of structural elements.
  • Introduce basic design philosophies and procedures used in the design of reinforced concrete and steel structural elements
  • Provide students with the ability to design basic reinforced concrete and structural steel elements and connections
  • Give students hands-on experience with the behaviour of structural elements.
  • Enable students to practice producing professional design calculations and reports

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
001 Have a comprehensive understanding of the basic principles behind codified structural design methods demonstrated by Eurocode design of structural elements. KCT P6
002 Analyse, design, draw and provide outline details for reinforced concrete beams, simple slabs, and non-slender columns KCPT EA1B, EA2, EA3B, D5
003 Analyse and design structural steel elements and simple connections. KCPT EA1B, EA2, EA3B, D5
004 Ability to conduct and analyse practical laboratory experiments, collect data, and investigate the behaviour of structural elements. CT P2B, P3
005 Prepare technical reports that are well organised and effectively communicate all key information T D6
006 Present design calculations in a professional manner. PT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to familiarise students with structural element behaviour and design in both steel and concrete. Codified structural design calculations according to Eurocodes are also introduced. Students will be engaged in lectures, tutorials, and laboratory sessions.

The learning and teaching methods include:

•    Lectures to introduce new concepts and techniques, provide illustrative examples.

•    Tutorials classes for guidance and support on module content.

•    Coursework to assess application of design skills covered in module, but also experience with presenting design calculations professionally.

•    Laboratory sessions for hands-on experience of the behaviour of structural elements.

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

Reading list
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: ENG2102

Other information

Surrey's Curriculum Framework is committed to developing graduates with strengths in Employability, Digital Capabilities, Global and Cultural Capabilities, Sustainability and Resourcefulness and Resilience. This module is designed to allow students to develop knowledge, skills and capabilities in the following areas: 

Resourcefulness & Resilience: Students will develop the ability to respond to problem-based tasks, addressing challenges using the material covered in this module, as well as drawing on their experience in other structural engineering modules (in particular ENG1075 and ENG2103), to provide viable solutions to engineering design problems.  They are encouraged to exercise and develop their engineering judgement to evaluate solutions and identify and correct errors.

Sustainability: Students will learn to design efficient structural elements with sustainable principles in mind. In particular the design of materially efficient structural elements. New developments in sustainable construction practice will also be introduced.

Employability: This module will prepare students to contribute to the design of real structures in a structural consultancy environment. It will also develop essential engineering judgment through hands-on experience with the behaviour of structural elements.

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Civil Engineering BEng (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module
Civil Engineering MEng 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2025/6 academic year.