BIOMASS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY - 2021/2
Module code: ENGM215
The module explores different technologies for processing biomass as renewable energy resource contributing to security in energy supply and reducing the environmental impact of the energy systems.
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
SADHUKHAN Jhuma (Civl Env Eng)
Number of Credits: 15
ECTS Credits: 7.5
Framework: FHEQ Level 7
JACs code: H831
Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A
Overall student workload
Independent Learning Hours: 101
Lecture Hours: 11
Tutorial Hours: 11
Guided Learning: 11
Captured Content: 16
Prerequisites / Co-requisites
Indicative content includes:
1. Introduction: Roles of biomass in the provision of energy, chemicals, and materials; types of biomasses; main biorefinery products; general aspects of developing/evaluating biomass processing systems.
2. Biorefinery: conceptions, process integration, integration with conventional refining facilities, product options: value vs. volume and economics.
3. Framework for evaluating biomass processing systems: Principles and methods for evaluating detailed economics including equipment sizing and costing, mass and energy flow analysis, energy consumption, and greenhouse gas emission.
4. Biomass resource and biorefinery provisions: Lignocellulose types and valorisation: agricultural, forestry, energy crops; Waste types and valorisation: municipal solid waste, organic waste, oily wastes and residues, wastewaters; Pretreatment: supercritical steam explosion, organosolv, ionic liquids, hydrolysis, microwave irraditation, ultrasonication; Municipal solid waste: sorting and recycling using material recovery facilities (MRF), and mechanical biological treatment (MBT) and mechanical biological chemical treatment (MBCT) system configurations.
5. Bio/chemical conversion:
3.1 Fermentation: biochemistries, processes, equipment of systems producing bioethanol and other products, economic analysis.
3.2 Transesterification: chemistry, process, equipment of systems producing biodiesel and other products.
3.3 Production of biogas and bio-hydrogen: a brief introduction.
6. Thermochemical conversion
4.1 Combustion – equipment, applications, environmental issues.
4.2 Pyrolysis – feedstock options, slow and fast processes, physical and chemical mechanisms, equipment, product compositions and properties.
4.3 Gasification – feedstock options, physical and chemical mechanisms, equipment, operating conditions.
4.4 Hydroprocessing – feedstock and refinery integration options, physical and chemical mechanisms, process intensification, operating conditions.
4.5 Catalytic processing, controlled acid hydrolysis – physical and chemical processing, waste valorisation and integration, process flowsheet development and simulation.
7. Synthetic fuel production: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and methanol: chemistry, processes, products, equipment.
8. Bio-based chemicals and materials and their manufacturing routes: commodity and platform chemicals, high-value molecules, polymers, economic and environmental feasibility analysis.
9. Microalgae: cultivation, downstream processing, functions of microalgae-based systems.
|Assessment type||Unit of assessment||Weighting|
The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate
- Learning outcomes 1-5 on the unseen written examination
- Learning outcomes 1, 5 on Coursework
Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:
- Unseen written examination, 60%
- Coursework, 40%. Design and techno-economic analysis of lignocellulosic integrated biorefinery system co-producing bioethanol and electricity – process modelling, mass and energy flow analyses, equipment sizing and costing, comprehensive economic analysis and environmental feasibility analysis.
Formative assessment and feedback
The students will receive feedback on their learning, in-class tutorial, problems and coursework.
- Provide the students an in-depth understanding of the processes and technologies for production of energy, chemical, and material products based on biomass processing.
|001||Identify, analyse, and select the processes and technologies for producing the main types of biofuels, namely bioethanol and biodiesel.||KCT|
|002||Identify, analyse, and select the processes and equipment for pyrolysis, gasification, and the synthesis of liquid fuels.||KCT|
|003||Identify the key opportunities for biomass-based manufacturing of chemicals and materials.||K|
|004||Explain and analyse the concept of biorefinery and the possible integrations with conventional refineries.||KC|
|005||Apply the principles and skills for conducting energy, economic, and environmental evaluation of biomass processing technologies||CP|
C - Cognitive/analytical
K - Subject knowledge
T - Transferable skills
P - Professional/Practical skills
Methods of Teaching / Learning
The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:
Present up to date technologies for biomass processing combined with problem solving sessions giving opportunity for group work and discussion. The topic will be addressed on process level by calculating the key parameters for specific biomass conversion technologies and in a wider context by identifying a network associated with a biorefinery enabling maximal utilisation of regional biomass potential.
The learning and teaching methods include:
3 hours combined lectures/problem solving sessions per week x 11 weeks
Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.
Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: ENGM215
Programmes this module appears in
|Chemical Engineering MEng||2||Optional||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
|Process Systems Engineering MSc||2||Optional||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
|Renewable Energy Systems Engineering MSc||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
|Petroleum Refining Systems Engineering MSc||2||Optional||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
|Information and Process Systems Engineering MSc||2||Optional||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
|Chemical and Petroleum Engineering MEng||2||Optional||A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module|
Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2021/2 academic year.