PROPERTIES OF MATTER - 2021/2
Module code: PHY1039
In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, and in a departure from previous academic years and previously published information, the University has had to change the delivery (and in some cases the content) of its programmes, together with certain University services and facilities for the academic year 2020/21.
These changes include the implementation of a hybrid teaching approach during 2020/21. Detailed information on all changes is available at: https://www.surrey.ac.uk/coronavirus/course-changes. This webpage sets out information relating to general University changes, and will also direct you to consider additional specific information relating to your chosen programme.
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This module will introduce the classical physics that is relevant to gases and condensed matter, making use of the thermodynamic equations of state. The emphasis will be on the structure of matter and its relationship to mechanical and thermal properties, such as elasticity and thermal expansivity. Laws of classical thermodynamics will be introduced. The module will prepare the student for the study of solid state physics and advanced thermodynamics at Level FHEQ 5.
KEDDIE Joseph (Physics)
Number of Credits: 15
ECTS Credits: 7.5
Framework: FHEQ Level 4
JACs code: F300
Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A
Prerequisites / Co-requisites
Indicative content includes:
- States of matter; Open and closed thermodynamic systems; equilibrium states; state variables; types of walls; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics; definition of temperature;
- Reversible processes; equations of state; ideal and van der Waals gases; phase transitions (solid, liquid and gas); inter-atomic and intermolecular potentials; relation between intermolecular interactions and phase transitions
- Bulk properties: thermal expansivity, elasticity (bulk modulus, surface tension, and elastic modulus).
- Types of work; calculations of work; adiabatic free expansions.
- Definition of heat; First Law of Thermodynamics; molecular viewpoint of heat and work; enthalpy; thermodynamic method in problem solving
- Degrees of freedom in monoatomic, diatomic and triatomic molecules; Heat capacity (Cp and Cv) for gases; introduction to crystal structure; heat capacity of solids (Dulong-Petit and Debye limits);
- Adiabatic expansions of gas; Cp – Cv and Cp/Cv; heat engines; Carnot cycle; efficiency of an engine; Kelvin and Clausius’ statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics; Carnot’s theorem
- Topics of experiments will include: latent heat of liquid nitrogen; thermal expansion of metals; X-ray diffraction of crystals; and adiabatic work on ideal gases.
|Assessment type||Unit of assessment||Weighting|
|Practical based assessment||LABORATORY DIARIES & REPORT/POSTER||30|
|Examination||END OF SEMESTER 2 HR EXAMINATION||70|
Assessed Laboratory Diary Mark and Report/Poster UoA may be assessed by two laboratory experiments, two diaries and two written reports.
The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate
their practical laboratory skills, their abilities to analyse data and draw conclusions from it, their skills in communicating scientific information, their problem-solving abilities, and their understanding of fundamental concepts and theory relating to all forms of matter
Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:
· Two hour examination at the end of the semester (70%), with section A consisting of compulsory questions (20 marks) and section B with two questions (20 marks each) chosen from three. If all three questions in Part B are attempted only the best two will be counted.
· Laboratory diaries (every 2 weeks)
· Laboratory report (week 7)
· Poster presentation (week 11)
The Laboratory unit of assessment has a qualifying mark of 40%.
Formative assessment and feedback
During the laboratory sessions, students will be given verbal feedback on their performance and written feedback on their diary-keeping from laboratory instructors. At the poster session, students will be given verbal feedback on their poster by their peers and laboratory instructors. At weekly tutorial classes, students will complete problem sets whose model solutions will then be uploaded on Surrey Learn.
- introduce the basic principles of classical equilibrium thermodynamics.
- explain and apply the Laws of Thermodynamics in problem solving.
- introduce the concepts of internal energy and heat and to understand their relevance in the world.
- develop skills in using mathematics to describe thermodynamic processes.
- relate the atomic and molecular structure of matter to properties of matter, including expansivity and elasticity.
- use the laboratory to reinforce concepts from lectures. The aims of the laboratory are to build on the foundation of previous practical classes when conducting experiments to verify theory and to improve understanding. Another aim is to develop skills in analysing data. The importance of keeping a laboratory notebook (diary) and the clear presentation of results will be stressed.
|1||Demonstrate understanding how intermolecular forces relate to the states of matter and determine the structure of matter.||KC|
|2||Show an appreciation of how molecular interactions influence bulk properties, including thermal expansivity and elasticity.||K|
|3||Display competence in classical thermodynamics and appreciate its fundamental importance in the physical world.||K|
|4||Show an understanding of the Laws of Thermodynamics and will gain an ability to apply them in the analysis of simple thermodynamic systems.||KC|
|5||Know the definitions of thermodynamic terms and will be able to solve algebraic and numerical problems in thermodynamics.||KC|
|6||Via successful completion of the laboratory classes, perform an experiment of intermediate difficulty, developing practical, analytical and computational skills, by following written instructions.||P|
|7||Obtain data with good accuracy, to evaluate the precision of the results, and to draw conclusions from the data through numerical analysis||CPT|
|8||Keep a comprehensive diary of activity, recording results in a form useful to others, and to complete a report, based on the diary, in the style of a scientific paper. The specific practical skills gained will vary according to the assignment of experiments||P|
C - Cognitive/analytical
K - Subject knowledge
T - Transferable skills
P - Professional/Practical skills
Overall student workload
Independent Study Hours: 97
Lecture Hours: 22
Tutorial Hours: 11
Laboratory Hours: 20
Methods of Teaching / Learning
The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:
- equip students with subject knowledge
- develop skills in applying subject knowledge to physical situations
- enable students to tackle unseen problems in thermodynamics
- develop students' practical skills
- develop students' report-writing skills
The learning and teaching methods include:
- 22h of lecures as 2h/week for 11 weeks
- 11h of tutorials as 1h/week over 11 weeks
- 20h of practical laboratory work
- Total student workload is 150hrs, with the remaining hours consisting of independent study
Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.
Reading list for PROPERTIES OF MATTER : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/phy1039
Programmes this module appears in
|Physics with Nuclear Astrophysics MPhys||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Astronomy MPhys||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Nuclear Astrophysics BSc (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Astronomy BSc (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Quantum Technologies MPhys||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics with Quantum Technologies BSc (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics BSc (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Physics MPhys||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Mathematics and Physics BSc (Hons)||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Mathematics and Physics MPhys||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
|Mathematics and Physics MMath||2||Compulsory||A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module|
Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2021/2 academic year.