# FLUID MECHANICS & THERMODYNAMICS 1 - 2023/4

Module code: ENG1062

## Module Overview

First year module in thermo-fluids for MES students.

FLUID MECHANICS: The basic concepts underlying fluid flows and behaviour are described together with simple fluid properties. The calculation of static fluid forces is the starting point before moving to dynamic fluid effects including mass-flow and energy conservation. Internal flows in pipes and through pumps considering effects of fluid friction, momentum and energy losses in fittings. This will include laminar and turbulent flows and pipe system analysis.

THERMODYNAMICS: Following an introduction on energy consumption, generation and supply from conventional and alternative sources the basic principles of heat and work transfer are described and system thermal efficiency. Thermal properties of working fluids (both liquids and gases) are described. The 1st law of thermodynamics is introduced with applications to processes and cycles for closed and steady-flow systems.

### Module provider

Mechanical Engineering Sciences

### Module Leader

TIAN Guohong (Mech Eng Sci)

### Number of Credits: 15

### ECTS Credits: 7.5

### Framework: FHEQ Level 4

### JACs code: H141

### Module cap (Maximum number of students): N/A

## Overall student workload

Independent Learning Hours: 82

Lecture Hours: 22

Tutorial Hours: 11

Captured Content: 35

## Module Availability

Semester 1

## Module content

Indicative content includes:

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid properties (density, viscosity, surface tension)

Hydrostatics (forces on surfaces, submerged bodies, valves, gates etc)

Buoyancy (stability of submerged and floating bodies)

Fluid kinematics (streamlines and continuity)

Fluid dynamics (Bernoulli’s equation, flow through orifices, venturi meter)

Momentum equation (impacting jets, forces on pipe bend)

Internal pipe flow:

Laminar flow

Introduction to Reynolds number

Poiseuille flow in a pipe and related friction factor

Turbulent flow

Description of turbulent flow characteristics

Film model and 1/7th power law for time averaged flow in pipes

Friction factors and pressure gradients in pipes

(effect of roughness; Moody chart)

Hydrodynamic resistance of sudden expansions, valves, bends etc.

Flow development and entrance length

Pumps and turbines

Types of pump and turbine

Head/flow rate characteristics (esp. centrifugal pumps)

Pumps in series and parallel (includes mention of NPSH)

Simple Pump and pipe-work calculations

[17hrs]

Thermodynamics

Introduction to thermodynamics – work & heat transfer

Energy consumption, generation, alternative sources and system efficiency

Fluid properties, liquids & gases, Cp and Cv, property tables and ideal gas

First law – for closed systems, internal energy. Applications

Steady flow energy equation, enthalpy, external work. Applications to flow systems.

[16hrs]

## Assessment pattern

Assessment type | Unit of assessment | Weighting |
---|---|---|

Online Scheduled Summative Class Test | ONLINE FLUID MECHANICS TEST | 10 |

Online Scheduled Summative Class Test | ONLINE THERMODYNAMICS TEST | 10 |

Examination | EXAM (CLOSE BOOK) WITHIN 2HR WINDOW | 80 |

## Alternative Assessment

N/A

## Assessment Strategy

The __assessment strategy__ is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate understanding of scientific principles, methodologies and mathematics methods as well as the ability to describe particular systems and processes in the final examination. The Fluids in-class test and Thermo coursework elements allow students to demonstrate that they can interpret a problem and present a solution clearly and accurately.

__Summative assessment__

- Fluid mechanics online test [Learning outcomes 1, 2]
- Thermodynamics online test [Learning outcomes 1, 2]
- Examination [Learning outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4]

__Formative assessment and feedback__

- Formative verbal feedback is given in tutorials
- Formative Multiple Choice Tests are available on SurreyLearn to give feedback on understanding of simple principles
- Written feedback is given on the coursework assessments and on the in-class test answer scripts

## Module aims

- An introduction to fluid mechanics and thermodynamics and in particular internal flow behaviour and the principles and methodologies applied to fluid statics, dynamics and 1st law thermodynamics
- An understanding of the principles of energy conservation, conversion and alternative energy sources
- An introduction to the importance of system efficiency and minimization of resource requirement in engineering system design

## Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed | |||

Ref | |||
---|---|---|---|

001 | Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of scientific principles and methodology relating to fluid statics, dynamics and the 1st law of thermodynamics | K | C1, C2, C3 |

002 | Apply mathematical and scientific models to problems in basic thermo-fluids and appreciate the assumptions and limitations inherant in their application | C | C1, C2, C3 |

003 | Describe the performance and characteristics of thermo-fluid systems and processes | K | C1, C4, C13 |

004 | Demonstrate understanding of sustainability principles in energy generation and conversion processes using carbon fuels and alternative resouces | K | C1, C13 |

Attributes Developed

**C** - Cognitive/analytical

**K** - Subject knowledge

**T** - Transferable skills

**P** - Professional/Practical skills

## Methods of Teaching / Learning

The __learning and teaching__ strategy is designed to:

Introduce thermo-fluid principles through theory with worked examples. This is delivered principally through lectures and tutorial classes and feedback from the thermodynamics coursework assignment and fluid mechanics in-class test.

The __learning and teaching__ methods include:

- 2 hours lecture in person per week x 11 weeks
- Pre-recorded thermodynamic lectures for flip teaching
- Pre-recorded fluid mechanics lectures
- 1 hour tutorial (in groups) x 11 weeks
- 2 hours revision lectures
- Fluids in-class test (1.5 hours) - Week 7
- Thermodynamic in-class test (1.5 hours) - Week 10

Indicated Lecture Hours (which may also include seminars, tutorials, workshops and other contact time) are approximate and may include in-class tests where one or more of these are an assessment on the module. In-class tests are scheduled/organised separately to taught content and will be published on to student personal timetables, where they apply to taken modules, as soon as they are finalised by central administration. This will usually be after the initial publication of the teaching timetable for the relevant semester.

## Reading list

https://readinglists.surrey.ac.uk

Upon accessing the reading list, please search for the module using the module code: **ENG1062**

## Programmes this module appears in

Programme | Semester | Classification | Qualifying conditions |
---|---|---|---|

Aerospace Engineering BEng (Hons) | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Mechanical Engineering BEng (Hons) | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Automotive Engineering BEng (Hons) | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Biomedical Engineering BEng (Hons) | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Mechanical Engineering MEng | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Automotive Engineering MEng | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Aerospace Engineering MEng | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Biomedical Engineering MEng | 1 | Compulsory | A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module |

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2023/4 academic year.